where “price” (C5:C15) and “group” (D5:D15) are named ranges. Which is equivalent to the expression: which means not equal to an empty string, e.g. not empty.

### Excluding formulas

The formula above will not exclude empty strings returned by formulas (=""). If you have empty strings returned by formulas in the criteria range, you can adjust the criteria like this: This will correctly exclude empty string returned by formulas.

### Dave Bruns

Hi - I’m Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.