which resolves to the range $A$2:$A$10. Note: this formula is meant to define a named range that can be used in other formulas. The INDEX function returns the value at a given position in a range or array. You can use INDEX to retrieve individual values or entire rows and columns in a range. What makes INDEX especially useful for dynamic named ranges is that it actually returns a reference. This means you can use INDEX to construct a mixed reference like $A$1:A100. In the example shown, the named range “data” is defined by the following formula: which resolves to the range $A$2:$A$10.

### How this formulas works

Note first that this formula is composed in two parts that sit either side of the range operator (:). On the left, we have the starting reference for the range, hard coded as: On the right is the ending reference for the range, created with INDEX like this: Here, we feed INDEX all of column A for the array, then use the COUNTA function to figure out the “last row” in the range. COUNTA works well here because there are 10 values in column A, including a header row. COUNTA therefore returns 10, which goes directly into INDEX as the row number. INDEX then returns a reference to $A$10, the last used row in the range: So, the final result of the formula is this range:

### A two dimensional range

The above example works for a one-dimensional range. To create a two-dimensional dynamic range where the number of columns is also dynamic, you can use the same approach, expanded like this:

As before, COUNTA is used to figure out the “lastrow”, and we use COUNTA again to get the “lastcolumn”. These are supplied to index as row_num and column_num respectively. However, for the array, we supply the full worksheet, entered as all 1048576 rows, which allows INDEX to return a reference in a 2D space. Note: Excel 2003 supports only 65535 rows.

### Determining the last row

There are several ways to determine the last row (last relative position) in a set of data, depending on the structure and content of the data in the worksheet:

Last row in mixed data with blanks Last row in mixed data with no blanks Last row in text data Last row in numeric data

### Dave Bruns

Hi - I’m Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.