Discount rate is based on the concept of the time value of money. The discount rate is the interest used to convert between future value and present value. A future value can be “discounted” by a given interest rate to determine the present value.

### Example

In the example shown, we want to find the discount rate for a bond with a price of $89.50 and a redemption value of $100. The settlement date is 6-Jul-2017 and the maturity date is 15-Jan-2020. The day count basis is US (NASD) 30/360. The formula in F5 is: With these inputs, the DISC function returns 4.16%, with percentage number format applied.

### Entering dates

In Excel, dates are serial numbers. Generally, the best way to enter valid dates is to use cell references, as shown in the example. To enter valid dates directly inside a function, you can use the DATE function. To illustrate, the formula below has all values hardcoded, and the DATE function is used to supply each of the two required dates:

### Basis

The basis argument controls how days are counted. The DISC function allows 5 options (0-4) and defaults to zero, which specifies US 30/360 basis. This article on wikipedia provides a detailed explanation of available conventions.

### Notes

In Excel, dates are serial numbers. All dates, and basis, are truncated to integers. If dates are invalid (i.e. not actually dates) DISC returns #VALUE! DISC returns #NUM when: settlement >= maturity pr <= 0 or redemption <= 0 Basis is out-of-range

### Dave Bruns

Hi - I’m Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.