The database argument is a range of cells that includes field headers, field is the name or index of the field to get a max value from, and criteria is a range of cells with headers that match those in database. Using the example above, you can get the variance of heights for the group “Fox” with either of these formulas:

### Criteria options

The criteria can include a variety of expressions, including some wildcards. The table below shows some examples: Note: Support for wildcards is not quite the same as with other functions like COUNTIFS, SUMIFS, MATCH, etc. For example, the pattern ??? will match strings with 3 exactly characters in more modern functions, but not in the database functions. If you are using wildcards, test carefully.

### Multi-row criteria

The criteria range for DVAR can include more than one row below the headers. When criteria includes more than one row, each row is joined with OR logic, and the expressions in a given criteria row are joined with AND logic. Notes:

DVAR is the mean to calculate variance for a sample. If data represents the entire population, use the DVARP function. DVAR supports some wildcards in criteria Criteria can include more than one row (as explained above) The field argument can be supplied as a name in double quotes ("") or as a number representing field index. The database and criteria ranges must include matching headers.

### Dave Bruns

Hi - I’m Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.