The TRUNC function simply truncates (i.e. removes) numbers; it doesn’t not round at all. TRUNC actually takes an optional second argument to specify the precision of truncation, but when you don’t supply this optional argument, it is assumed to be zero, and truncation happens at the decimal.

### What about INT or ROUND?

You might wonder if you can use INT function, or the ROUND function instead. The behavior of INT is identical to TRUNC (with default settings) for positive numbers — the INT function will round a number down to the next integer and then return only the integer portion of the number. However, for negative numbers, the rounding that INT does is a bit strange. This is because INT rounds negative numbers down away from zero, no matter what the decimal value. See the last 2 examples in the screen above for an example. Because of this behavior, TRUNC is a safer option if you want the original integer portion of a number. As you would expect, the ROUND function rounds numbers down. If you want to round to the nearest integer, (positive or negative) use: But be aware that the integer value may be different than the number you started with due to rounding. As above, TRUNC is a safer option if you want the original integer portion of a number.

### Dave Bruns

Hi - I’m Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.